How To Build Roof Trusses – We pull out all the stops (and our miter saw) to assemble our handmade roof trusses. LET’S LIGHT UP THE CONVERSATION – PART TWO!
This is another part of our five-part series where we share the process of building a 10 x 20 foot shed. If you’ve just discovered LET’S IMPROVE GOOD, start by reading this INTRODUCTION to see the main things we’ve learned before starting the project. Then continue with PART ONE, where we clear the building site, lay a level foundation on blocks and cinder blocks, then lay the floor joists and the floor itself. It’s not a bad idea to watch this VIDEO of the first part as well. The whole construction is very exciting!
How To Build Roof Trusses
This storage shed is the first of many DIY projects we’ll be sharing. Don’t forget to subscribe to WATC and also subscribe to OUR YouTube CHANNEL to never miss a post. You can find all our weekend projects on our DIY PLAYLIST.
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Now grab your carpenter’s pencil, square and tape measure, toolbox and miter saw, because it’s time for LET’S GET THE CONVERSATION – PART TWO: ROOF TRUSSES.
The storage shed plan is complete with a list of necessary building materials and detailed drawings. As mentioned in the introduction and in the first part, with the second part of the series dedicated to ROOF TRASSES, I divided the plans into several components.
There are two things I would like to point out. First, the plans I used also include three additional pages detailing the various angle cuts needed to create the trusses that support the 10:12 pitched roof. Yes? This 10:12 measurement means that for every 12 horizontal inches of roof there is 10 inches of rise. This is a steep roof.
The second is that the plans also include scale models for more complex cuts. Having the actual model was really helpful for making perfect cuts and carving out extra pieces.
Building My Own Trusses Due To A 6 Month Wait For Ones From The Lumber Yard.
I record the truss and rafters in the VIDEO attached to this post. Although both are triangular in shape, trusses have more triangular webs in the main structure. In this shed, nine trusses and two beams at each end are placed for the inner part of the roof structure. More on that a little later.
One of the reasons I decided to go ahead and build the roof trusses for part two was to use the space provided by the barn floor. The roof trusses turned out to be quite large, but had a floor to work with placement, drilling and assembly.
I have already mentioned the importance of having the right tools for such a project. From talking to experienced friends and my handy brother-in-law Steve, I concluded that a miter saw would make cutting the various angles of the roof trusses much easier. All those knowledgeable friends were right; Using a safety saw helped a lot.
After cutting various lengths of 2x4s with a miter saw, I placed my first roof frame, checking it on the barn floor to make sure everything lined up correctly. Once in place, I made cuts in the floor to create a placement template. This helped me align the rest of the trusses. I got faster after finishing the first trusses.
How Much Does A Roof Truss Cost? (2023 Guide)
There were a few “ah ha” moments at this stage of the project, one of which was my introduction to reinforcements. When ordering the materials, I noted that the plans called for metal reinforcements to provide the tops of the trusses, the two corners, and the base of the main post. At this point, the construction expert explained that there were no ready-made metal fittings and that I would have to make them myself from the remains of the roofing. Yes? I’m in! …I think?
Reinforcements are defined as plates or supports to strengthen an angle in a structure. Due to the diagrams shown in the plans, they were relatively easy to make. After cutting the 2 x 4 lengths, I cut all the braces, then placed the trusses and attached the braces as directed. Plans called for bracing on both sides of each truss. My adventure with trusses and bracing was pretty laborious with placement, drilling and casting, but I learned a lot and certainly enjoyed the process.
I even put two beams into this shed building project. While reading the fine print of the plans, I noticed a particular detail to install two ventilation openings in the front and rear gable beams. This involved removing the main struts and replacing them with two additional alternate struts, turning the truss into a single beam.
One last thing about the roof trusses: They are heavy, but I was able to move them away from the main construction site after they were completed. I covered them with a protective tarp and moved on to the next phase of the project, framing the walls. Fortunately, a new group of friends came to visit and help. Yippee!
Timber Truss Roof Design [a Structural Guide]
Before we lift the trusses and fasten them in place, make sure you look at the LET’S BUILD THE FLOORS – PART THREE where the wall framing goes up.
Simply click on the links below to purchase and add to your collection through Amazon.com. Good shopping! Whether you’re building a garage, cabin, or house, roofing can save you a lot of time and money. No matter what you are building, you need to know how to properly install roof trusses.
Manufactured roof trusses have many advantages in the construction process. Let’s take a look at some of them:
Compared to roof trusses, roof trusses are more economical and easier to install, making them a great DIY project. In general, roof trusses can be 30 to 50 percent cheaper than in-situ roof framing.
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Manufactured trusses are made in a controlled environment with advanced software and technology, leaving minimal room for error. Precision is essential for all components to fit together properly, and installing manufactured trusses is the best way to ensure this quality.
Roof trusses are very quick to install, sometimes allowing you to find a job that would have taken weeks, is done in days or even hours! Many roof truss packages come with instructions to guide you through the process. This can save you a lot of time, money and energy.
In most cases, manufactured roof trusses can be installed in just one day. But if you’re new to the process, it can be a learning curve. In these six steps, we’ll explain how to install roof framing safely and effectively.
As with any construction project, it’s important to make sure you have all the knowledge, materials, and safety equipment before you begin (and if you’re reading this, you’re off to a good start!). Here are some construction safety best practices to keep in mind:
How To Build A Gambrel Roof Shed
When you’re ready to install, start by marking the wall boards in the positions you plan to place your trusses. Typically, trusses are spaced about 2 feet on center. Remember to do this for the wall tiles on both sides.
By hand or with a crane, lift the first truss and place it on the roof in a vertical plane, so that it is aligned with the end of the diagonal fastening of the rafter. Temporarily attach the first truss to both corresponding wall plates.
Raise the second truss and temporarily secure it to the first truss with horizontal bracing along the rafters and ceiling ties. Both trusses should be vertical. Repeat this process with the rest of the trusses, temporarily supporting them on the previous truss.
After all trusses are fixed and temporarily supported, add a permanent diagonal brace at 45° to each of the beams. Do this by nailing them to the wall plate, attached as high as possible to the first truss, then leaving room for the longitudinal ridge support. Then add the longitudinal reinforcement to the remaining ceiling beams, supports and ties. The temporary brace is then unnecessary and can be removed.
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The roof trusses should now be set up and securely fastened, but there’s one last step before we’re done. Double check that all trusses are aligned vertically and do not deviate from their vertical planes.
After that, you can step back, look at your work, and pat yourself on the back for a job well done!
If you are starting a new project and plan to install roof trusses, choose roof trusses from Zeeland Lumber & Supply. Manufactured in facilities managed by our truss and panel specialists, our roof trusses provide reliable, strong and durable construction. For more information, call (888) 772-2119 or contact us online today. Roof trusses are strong, versatile and economical structures that provide a supporting structure for your roof. Timber trusses connect all parts of the roof system into lightweight, inexpensive structures that are easy to build.
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