List Of Different Learning Disabilities – Whether you are a pre-service teacher, ready to graduate, or an experienced teacher, familiarizing yourself with these state laws will help you advocate for the students in your school.
Brown vs. The Board of Ed has stated that “separate is not inherently equal.” This case particularly related to school integration during the Civil Rights Movement. Many disability rights activists are using this case to advocate for appropriate access to free public education.
List Of Different Learning Disabilities
504 CHAPTER DIV Everyone has a disability, cannot be discriminated against and deserves access to the support they need. Often, students receiving Section 504 aid typically only need modifications and accommodations to gain access to general education (e.g., part-time or advanced placement). Section 504 does not require appropriate instructions. For example, Tier 2 services (RTI) versus Tier 3 services (special services). If a student joins a sorority under Section 504, he or she is not necessarily subject to one of the 13 types of offenses.
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The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 marks the moment when the legislature first introduced the concepts that form the basis of special education.
EAHCA introduced Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE), Least Restrictive Environment (LRE), and Individualized Education Programs (IEP).
Additionally, the EAHCA clearly outlines parents’ rights regarding student records, informed consent, and the right to refuse services. You can find more about EAHCA here.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 is consistent with and extends the EAHCA. NOTE lists 13 types of disabilities under which a child may benefit from special education services.
Tiered Approaches To The Education Of Students With Learning Disabilities
Additionally, IDEA clearly defines grading deadlines, parental procedural protections, and students’ right to an appropriate assessment.
IDEIA (2004) further develops this concept with more comprehensive revisions regarding who should be present at meetings, additional procedural precautions for parents, and ways that teachers can be proactive in writing IEPs if needed.
The same year the idea was introduced, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects adults with disabilities from discrimination. The ADA covers transportation, telecommunications services, and information availability for government agencies.
This is why the ADA cuts curbs on sidewalks and crosswalks. Anything related to accessibility in the community probably comes back to ADA. Read more here.
Pdf] Learning Disabilities
While this law is primarily aimed at the deaf community and access to sighted phones, the “Technology Act” now covers all people who need assistive technology (AT) to interact with their environment. This bill provides state and local governments with funding to create informational songs about available assistive technologies and how anyone who needs them can access them. Remember that augmentative and augmentative communication technologies are different!
Warning: This video contains developmental delay, which is not one of the 13 disabilities according to IDEA. Developmental disability is widely used as a diagnosis in early intervention/CPSE when diagnostic criteria cannot be met.
Whether you work in a special or mainstream school, carefully assessing children’s needs is crucial to ensuring they receive a broad and balanced education. Special educational needs can be very complex and overlapping. Early diagnosis of children may lead to unnecessary and permanent exclusions from school. Most identifications are quite accurate, but some students may still slip through the net, which has a detrimental effect on their behavior toward education.
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Learning disabilities may be associated with developmental disabilities such as ADHD, ASD and intellectual disabilities. There are four degrees of learning difficulty:
In this article, we will mainly focus on moderate learning difficulties. We will define MLD, learn about the symptoms and strategies based on them.
Before we get into specific moderate learning disabilities in this article, it is important to note that all learning disabilities have a broad spectrum; they can be mild, moderate and severe.
All learning challenges impact a child’s ability to acquire new skills in other areas of life and in special part-time schools. It is more difficult for her to acquire new skills and information, and at the same time it is a challenge for her to independently cope with previously acquired skills. For example, a child with MLD has difficulty putting on clothes independently.
Moderate Learning Difficulties
Even with support and differentiation, moderate learning disabilities (MLD) can result in difficulty functioning at expected age levels, resulting in special challenges throughout the school curriculum.
As well as managing learning difficulties, there are other specific needs such as dyspraxia or wider conditions such as Down syndrome. MLD is also known as intellectual disability or pervasive learning disability.
MLD is not an official term for diagnosing learning disabilities; is always associated with a child’s IQ score below the normal range. Although an educational psychologist must conduct a detailed assessment to determine learning disabilities, this is usually the main issue that teachers and parents focus on; The child’s IQ is below average, and sometimes the average is normal, but there is a specific learning disability, such as dyspraxia, that is a trigger for progress in learning, social life and behavior.
In education, there are different types of disabilities: physical, mental and emotional. Physical disabilities include visual impairment, hearing impairment and motor skills. Mental disabilities include intellectual disability, attention deficit disorder and autism spectrum disorder. Emotional disorders include anxiety, depression and bipolar disorder.
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When it comes to learning disabilities, they are often called “intellectual” because they affect the brain’s ability to process information. The most common type of learning disability is early language impairment (SLI). SLI, when children have difficulty understanding language and using it appropriately. This may affect speaking, writing, reading, listening and understanding what is said.
Children with special educational needs have difficulty using grammar correctly, pronouncing sounds clearly and speaking fluently. They may have trouble following instructions, remembering what is said, or finding the right words to express themselves.
Students with special educational needs may need additional help from teachers or tutors to improve their communication skills.
Students with special educational needs often have difficulty with vocabulary concepts, especially those related to language. This includes vocabulary, grammar, spelling and pronunciation. These children have difficulty expressing themselves verbally and therefore require additional support from teachers or caregivers.
The Five Common Learning Disabilities In Children
All children with MLD face different types of challenges, and each group requires a different approach from educators.
Children with moderate learning difficulties may often have problems with reading, writing, arithmetic and perception. They may also have difficulty focusing and concentrating and experience problems with attention, organization, planning and problem solving.
They may also have communication needs and may appear mentally older than their chronological age. In some cases, they even appear to be older peers because they cannot understand what others want.
Some children with MLD may need additional help with daily activities such as dressing, eating, bathing, and cleaning; However, not all children with mild learning difficulties will exhibit each of these behaviors.
Types Of Intellectual Disabilities
The additional support you should provide will always be tailored to each child’s needs and particular needs, but here are some general ideas that we hope most students will benefit from;
They provide a quiet place where children feel comfortable, safe and cared for, and ensure that learning materials are age appropriate and accessible. Make sure children have access to books, magazines, newspapers, magazines, computers, music, etc. You can also encourage children to participate in arts and crafts, sports, hobbies, clubs, social gatherings and group games. Helping children develop good study skills, including organization, note-taking and repetition skills, will promote their metacognitive skills and improve their independence. The need to raise children to learn how to properly manage their emotions and behavior should also be taken into account.
There are three types of schools where learning difficulties are high: special schools, mainstream schools and dual schools.
Specialist schools specifically care for students with special needs such as autism, dyslexia, sprinkler syndrome, etc. They usually provide support with teaching methods and curriculum, as well as training for teachers and other professionals working with students with SLD.
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Mainstream schools are designed to meet the educational needs of students with mild to moderate learning difficulties, but there is certainly no one-size-fits-all solution and teaching methods will vary from school to school.
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