The silent – mainly due to a three-week recession that ended in the second week of July – came following a powerful start to the monsoon in June, which saw an excess of 10% precipitation across the country.
Although the rain deficit has decreased by only 1% cumulatively since the start of the season, it has had the effect of delaying the onset of rainfall in the northern, central and eastern parts of the country.
The sowing of autumn crops – which usually begins by the end of June – has been delayed, with plantings declining to 721.4 hectares from 791.8 hectares in the alike period final year, down 9%.
The decline in pulses is -10.1%, while so far it was -15.5% for cereals and -10.4% for oilseeds.
The area planted with rice decreased by 6.9%, while it decreased by -7.7% for cotton.
Kharif crops are usually water-intensive and are grown during the monsoon season, while spring crops are planted between October and April.
Data from the Indian Meteorological Department showed that southern India received an excess of rain in July, with heavy rains falling across Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu, resulting in 30% overhead average rainfall. However, the distribution remains erratic, with Kerala still experiencing a 27% shortfall in mid-season precipitation.
Overall, 19% of India’s area has received less than average rainfall since June 1.
Hetal Gandhi, Director
“However, from the perspective of rice cultivation, in the major rice growing states like Punjab, Ub, West Bengal and Haryana, the monsoon is in the average region, which bodes well for the crop,” Gandhi added.
Usually, July fills one third of the whole monsoon precipitation for the entire season, and is considered significant for timely planting of crops.
IMD forecast that rainfall will gradually rise in August across northern India, which has just seen a rebound due to favorable weather conditions. IMD said there will also be some relief in the central and eastern regions next week, with forecasts of heavy rains ranging from Maharashtra to Odisha.
However, less rain is expected in the south than it did between June and July, as areas of low pressure will form near the north, attracting moisture-laden winds, according to IMD.
The monsoon was on a three-week respite start on June 19, which reduced rainfall from 32% to 8%. It only covered the entire country on July 13, five days following its average date. Delhi was the final region to be covered by the monsoons.